What is CBD? The science behind the controversial cannabis extract – Mirror Online

From croissants to lubricants, CBD oil is being added to a huge range of weird and wonderful products.

But while it’s a term you’ve probably heard banded about, what actually is CBD?

To help separate the fact from the fiction, Dr David Dawit, Chief Scientific Officer of Eos Scientific, spoke to Mirror Online about CBD.

Here’s everything you need to know – including what it is, and what it can be used for.

What is CBD?

CBD, short for cannabidiol, is a chemical compound from the cannabis plant.

Cannabis oil (Image: Bloomberg)

 

How is CBD extracted?

Dr Dawit said: “There are 4 main methods used to produce or extract CBD from hem: whole plant extraction, isolate extraction, CO2 extraction and alcohol extraction.”

Whole Plant Extraction – the entire hemp plant forms part of the extraction and is one of the more favoured methods

Isolate Extraction – CBD isolates are pure CBD compounds extracted, with their effectiveness dependent on the quality of hemp from which they are derived

CO2 Extraction – This is when CO2 is forced through the plant to extract the oil, the most complex methods currently available but does allow for the individual cannabinoid compounds to be separated effectively.

Alcohol Extraction – This is the original extraction method used, by soaking the hemp in a solvent to remove the oils after which the solvent is evaporated to leave the CBD oil.

Does CBD get you high?

While many people think that consuming or using products with CBD oil will get them high, this isn’t the case.

(Image: Getty Images North America)

 

Dr Dawitt said: “CBD is one more than one hundred chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant and, despite being related to Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) contains none of the psychoactive properties.

“CBD is entirely non-intoxicating and affects the body in a significantly different way to the illegal drug cannabis.”

Is CBD safe?

Thankfully CBD is very safe to use.

Dr Dawitt said: “CBD is regarded as a food supplement that helps to bring balance to our bodies and minds by complementing or ‘topping up’ the endocannabinoid system which most are unable to create enough of therefore causing imbalance.

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“The human body naturally creates cannabinoids, which are used by the endocannabinoid system to maintain balance/homeostasis within the body.

“The endocannabinoid system has been long regarded as the most important system in the body for maintaining long term health.”

What can CBD be used for?

CBD has a range of uses.

Dr Dawitt explained: “Consumers have reported benefits of taking CBD for help with anxiety, depression, inflammation, nausea, seizures and sleeping.

Consumers have reported benefits of taking CBD for help with anxiety and depression (Image: Getty)

 

“However, new research suggests the benefits of CBD go far beyond this.

“In studies over the world there have been positive reports of CBD oil helping with dermatological conditions, such as dry skin, acne, eczema and psoriasis, as well as conditions such as snoring , arthritis and allergies like hay fever .”

Is CBD legal in the UK?

While cannabis is still illegal in the UK, CBD is legal and can be sold by retailers as vaporising, ingestible or topically applied products.

Dr Dawitt added: “All CBD oils must contain no more than 0.2% THC in order to be legally sold in the UK, which must not be able to be easily separated from the product.”

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Source: https://www.mirror.co.uk/science/what-cbd-science-behind-controversial-14276091